Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is set to add another feather to its cap by Venus Orbiter Mission.

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is set to add another feather to its cap by Venus Orbiter Mission.

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is set to add another feather to its cap by Venus Mission.

Venus Orbiter Mission of ISRO (Shukrayaan)

After creating a new world record by launching 104 satellites into Orbit in one go, ISRO(Indian Space Research Organisation) is heading towards adding a new feather to its cap by launching India’s first Venus Orbiter Mission (Shukrayaan) by the end of 2020. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is on the move in gearing up for the first Venus exploration mission and in a recent bid make its dream comes true, the Bengaluru-headquarter agency has started calling for proposals for the space-based experiments from scientists across India.
  • Shukrayaan budget-

The Government of India, in its budget for 2017 – 18, has already approved a 23% hike in the budget for Department of Space and everything goes accordingly, then two interplanetary missions, respectively venus and revisit to Mars will be launched between 2017 and 2020. 
  • Purpose of ISRO’s Venus mission-

The Venus Orbiter Mission plan includes the launch of an orbiter to Venus which will be specially programmed to study the enigmatic atmosphere of moonless planet Venus. The brightest planet in our solar system has a hellish atmosphere because of which exploring its environment and other characteristics have yet not been possible completely by any space organizations. But with the new mission, ISRO is expected to mark new records.
  • Plan for Venus Orbiter Mission (Shukrayaan)-

ISRO already has started inviting applications and proposals from scientists across the country for this mission and the given deadline for proposal submission is may 19, 2017. NASA (The National Aeronautics and Space Administration) is on the talk with ISRO for partnership for India’s highly ambitious Venus Orbiter Mission. Both NASA and ISRO have already started discussions about jointly undertaking experiments and studies on employing electrical propulsion for fuelling this ambitious mission.
  • Environment of Venus-

When it comes to exploring, a mission to Mars has been the ultimate goal since the 1960’s; after the Moon, it’s the most logical place to go. But what about Venus? We can’t land on the surface of Venus. At least, it would be almost impossibly difficult to design a spacecraft that could survive the planet’s hellish environment. With a carbon dioxide reach atmosphere at a pressure about 92 times what we feel on earth and an average surface temperature of 400 degree Celsius it’s not a welcoming environment, that is why ISRO planned an orbiter mission. About 31 miles above the surface, Venus becomes almost Earth-like. Above the clouds there is enough sunlight to provide solar power, the temperature is colder but still warm enough for liquid water to exist, and the gravity is about 90% percent of what we feel on the Earth. The gases at the altitude can also support life. There is more than enough carbon dioxide for the plant to grow. The nitrogen in the atmosphere along with hydrogen gathered form floating sulphuric acid droplets could be turned into the necessary elements to support human life.
  • Mission Title(Shukrayaan)-

Title of the Venus mission of India is reportedly proposed as “Shukrayan” (Venus ship). ‘Shukra’ means ‘Venus’ in Sanskrit or Hindi language and ‘Yaan’ means ‘Vehicle’. However, ISRO is yet to confirm this name officially.
  • Details of Venus mission-

Details of Venus orbiter mission of India (Mission type– Orbiter, Operator–ISRO, Mission duration–1year, Bus: l-1K, Manufacturer–ISAC, Launch mass–1500kg, Launch date– 2017 – 2020, Rocket– PSLV XL, Launch site–Satish Dhawan, Contractor–ISRO).
  • Schedule of Venus mission-

The Venus Orbiter Mission will take place by the end of 2020, as the proposals for the operation is yet to be approved by ISRO Advisory Committee on Space Sciences followed by the Indian Government. Along with Venus mission, ISRO will set out India’s second Mars mission which is scheduled to have effect in – between 2021 – 22.    


            ———-Venus Orbiter Mission———-


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